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Inequality of educational returns in France: Some evidence of change in the relative importance of the effect of education and social background on occupational careers

Abstract : This paper is an extended version of the chapter about France within the comparative volume edited by F. Bernardi and G. Ballarino (2016), Education, Occupation and Social Origin. A Comparative Analysis of the Transmission of Socio-Economic Inequalities, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing. On the basis of the 1977, 1985, 1993 and 2003 Formation & Qualification Professionnelle surveys and various indicators of labour market success, it establishes three main results: (1) after controlling for education, there still exists a ‘direct’ effect of class origin on labour market success which is visible more at an advanced stage of the occupational career than at its outset; (2) this ‘direct’ origin effect varies in strength over educational categories, being weaker or non-existent among the higher educated, i.e., a higher social background is to a certain extent able to compensate for less prominent educational assets; (3) the ‘direct’ origin effect has strengthened in the recent cohorts or the last decade observed.
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Milan Bouchet-Valat, Camille Peugny, Louis-André Vallet. Inequality of educational returns in France: Some evidence of change in the relative importance of the effect of education and social background on occupational careers. 2016. ⟨hal-01520641⟩

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