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Une institution sans intention. La sociologie en France depuis l’après-guerre

Abstract : The paid exercise of sociology has undergone far-reaching changes in France since 1945. Forms of paid practice are analyzed using partially unpublished documents on the ways in which public research is organized, on the characteristics and career paths of the students, on the journals and associations through which the life of the discipline is expressed. Three periods are identified. Full-time empirical research became organized in France around 1950, in the context of the CNRS, at the instigation in particular of G. Friedman. The scholarly definition of the discipline which prevailed in universities began ebbing with the creation, in 1958, of the licence in sociology, which opened the way to a professional practice outside the academic world. Sociology’s institutional base continued to grow in the area of research with the multiplication of professional journals, and in the area of secondary education with the creation, in 1976, of the social sciences agrégation, a competitive examination in which sociology, together with economics, is one of the principal subjects. The third phase, which began in the 1970s, can be described as the teachers’ era. Taken up by the university of the masses, sociology is one of the «refuge-disciplines» in which resistance to elitism is on the whole still alive and well. This trend weakens the prospects for the professionalization of sociology diplomas.
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Alain Chenu. Une institution sans intention. La sociologie en France depuis l’après-guerre. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, Editions du Seuil, 2002, pp.46 - 59. ⟨hal-01499394⟩



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