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Sens des responsabilités dans la gouvernance climatique

Abstract : Since antiquity there have been philosophers who have argued that climates cause different people moral qualities. By contrast, the climate is now seen as global and shared, so that the States are called upon to responsibilities for the average global temperature. This article presents the climate system as a composite and shows that we are very far from understanding the interconnections of energy, water and what we call carbon exchanges. Climate warming is based on the measure of the average temperature of all the local temperatures in every parts of the globe. This temperature does not correspond to any immediate, physical, local and perceptible reality belonging to the realm of statistics. Even if we limit ourselves to the impact of human activities creating external and brutal forcing on the climate system, we are already within a space where different possible systems of responsibilities are in play. The text addresses in turn “the Common but Differentiated Responsibilities” normative framework (attribution modes of greenhouse gas production (GHG), criteria to be employed in assessing state as bearer of the burden and the mechanisms of participation in the fight against climate warming), the conceptual link to make between different types of justice in the mitigation (distributive) of GHG and adaptation (corrective) thanks to luck egalitarianism, and the issue of establishing an equilibrium in the allocation of responsibilities when they are collective and complex. This leads to a discussion of the background ethical theories and of the conceptions and functions of responsibility.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 7, 2017 - 6:51:55 PM
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Bernard Reber. Sens des responsabilités dans la gouvernance climatique. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale, Presses Universitaires de France, 2016, pp.104-117. ⟨10.3917/rmm.161.0103⟩. ⟨hal-01418116v2⟩

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