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Graduate Migration Out of Italy: Predictors and Pay-Offs

Abstract : Migration from Southern Europe has been on the rise after the Euro-crisis, mostly fed by young skilled workers. Little is known about the determinants and pay-offs of migration for this population. This paper focuses on the Italian case, on the basis of a large representative sample of graduates interviewed in 2011. Four years after graduation, 2.4 per cent of them lived outside Italy; the majority (87 per cent) had settled in the EU. Multivariate analyses show that they are disproportionately drawn from upper class families and have scientific and internationally-oriented credentials. Academic performance in upper secondary and tertiary education also displays a positive correlation with migration. Moreover, when compared to the ‘stayers’ in their cohort, movers enjoy better occupational outcomes in terms of unemployment risks, access to skilled jobs, salary and work satisfaction. Ceteris paribus, the PPP-adjusted net hourly salary of movers is 27 per cent higher than the salary of stayers. This differential varies considerably across destination countries, ranging between 17 and 98 per cent.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Submitted on : Saturday, November 19, 2016 - 12:10:36 PM
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Ettore Recchi, Carlo Barone, Giulia Assirelli. Graduate Migration Out of Italy: Predictors and Pay-Offs. 2016. ⟨hal-01399529⟩



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