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Une histoire sans sciences sociales ?

Abstract : A History Free of the Social Sciences? According to David Armitage and Jo Guldi, digitized sources and quantification almost naturally lead to the sort of longue durée history that they try to promote. This paper questions this assertion on the basis of the long tradition of quantitative history, open to exchanges with the social sciences and revived, not annihilated, by microhistory. The digitization of numerous historical sources does not call for less caution in our analyses—quite the contrary, as it creates new biases. More importantly, it does not solve the crucial question of controlled anachronism, i.e. the need for carefully constructed categories in any quantification based on the longue durée. The article also addresses the implications of choosing the longue durée as the exclusive basis for reflections on historical processes and causality. Is longue durée purely a scale for description? If not, can it avoid a simplistic vision, a mono-causal path dependency? To avoid such pitfalls, the author advocates taking into account the wider debates within all the social sciences on timescales and causality.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 29, 2016 - 10:52:13 AM
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Claire Lemercier. Une histoire sans sciences sociales ?. Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales, Armand Colin, 2015, 2, pp.345 - 357. ⟨hal-01309253⟩



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