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La France à gauche de l'Europe

Abstract : In postwar western Europe, the French Republic appears as the most reforming state in economic and social matters. France is the only country which initiated, and partly carried out, a sharing of power in undertakings, an appropriation of the means of production, as well as a real control upon the economy. Contrary to that policy, the Italian state did not institute joint committees, did not proceed to nationalizations, and did not put into work any instrument of general planning. Between these two borderline cases, and starting from the left-wing center to the right-wing center, one could successively meet Austria, Great Britain and Germany. Owing to a legitimate government, France had the opportunity to answer to the national will, i.e. a strong pressure in favour of nationalizations, unlike the Italian and German states where this yearning was tainted by the remembrance of the fascist socializations and the nazi control of the economy. France derived also benefit from a quick liberation, contrasting with that of the peninsula, which permitted an early entry in a reformation policy. In other respects, the Victory in England and the remembrance of the Anschluss in Austria contributed to reduce in these countries the revenge spirit which was underlying in France the reforming impulse.
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Claire Andrieu. La France à gauche de l'Europe. Le Mouvement social, Les Editions de l'Atelier/Editions ouvrières, 1986, pp.131-153. ⟨hal-01309208⟩

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