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Éléments pour une sociologie de l’entrepreneur-frontière

Abstract : This paper aims to contribute to the literature on the role of entrepreneurs in social and institutional change. Having described the types of “intermediary-entrepreneurs” and “translator-entrepreneurs” which have previously been identified in sociology, the authors propose a third type, that of the “boundary-entrepreneur” defined as an actor at the border of closed universes, a boundary-object and a border-guard. The study of the creation of a French programme for the prevention of childhood obesity helps to identify some of its promoters as boundary-entrepreneurs. The paper shows that these promoters have extended their self-presentations to fit into a world of multiple institutional boundaries and conflicts. By adopting the symmetrical point of view of the programme’s partners, the authors show that their recruitment was based on a series of projections and selective appropriations about the identity of the promoters of the programme and the actions that were developed.
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Henri Bergeron, Patrick Castel, Etienne Nouguez. Éléments pour une sociologie de l’entrepreneur-frontière. Revue française de sociologie, Presses de Sciences Po / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2013, 54 (2), pp.263 - 302. ⟨hal-01299722v1⟩

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