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L’autonomie de la recherche scientifique en débats : évaluer "l'impact" social de la science

Abstract : Much research has shown that scientific activities, more now than in the past, are under pressure to justify their social and economic utility. There have, however, been few studies that explore the form that these demands for utility take in the evaluation processes. This article seeks to cast light on the formation of a criterion used to assess the links between science and society at AERES (research and higher education evaluation agency) in France. Initially titled “impact” of research, this criterion has aroused controversy between the members of the academic profession who forged it. Two factors combine in explaining the polarisation of the debate. The influence of academic disciplines affects whether “impact” attracts criticism or support as a criterion of scientific evaluation, but position effects within AERES are also crucial in understanding how the evaluation of activities at the frontiers of science has been able to become a legitimate criterion of research evaluation.
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Clémentine Gozlan. L’autonomie de la recherche scientifique en débats : évaluer "l'impact" social de la science. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2015, 57 (2), pp.151 - 174. ⟨hal-01298207⟩

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