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Les « variables lourdes » en sociologie électorale

Abstract : In political science, three principal models of explaining electoral behaviours are in competition. The first, of a sociological nature, is based on the assumption of the effect of socio-economic variants (sex, age, social class, etc.). The second is based on a theory of a psycho-sociological nature: the elector chooses his candidate through a partisan identification which orients his choice. Finally the third, inspired by economic models, assumes a rational elector making his political choices while maximising his interests. To what extent do these three paradigms of explanation take account of realities of electoral behaviour of the French since some twenty years?
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Nonna Mayer, Daniel Boy. Les « variables lourdes » en sociologie électorale. Enquête : anthropologie, histoire, sociologie, Ed. Parenthèses, 1997, pp.109-122. ⟨10.4000/enquete.1133⟩. ⟨hal-01218407⟩



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