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Des 'employeurs multiples' au 'noyau dur' d'employeurs : Relations de travail et concurrence sur le marché du travail des comédiens

Abstract : Managerial literature sometimes uses an ideal-type of contingent labor to describe what it imagines to be future changes in organizing work and labor. These changes would entail a shortening and, therefore, multiplication of labor contracts. Statistics on the intermittents du spectacle (an administrative category in France referring to performers as well as stagehands who work for the duration of a project in show business, television and the performing arts) are analyzed to show that the conception of work in the media industry, as reflected in the aforementioned writings, cannot account for the actual plurality of relations between these part-time employees and their employers. In the media industry labor market, two types of labor relations can be distinguished. The one is close to the ideal-type of an intermittent employee who has occasional relations with his employer, whereas the other is based on a “hard core” of employers with whom an employee has recurrent relations. This core significantly affects the number of engagements of these performing artists and contributes decisively to the stability of their careers.
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Olivier Pilmis. Des 'employeurs multiples' au 'noyau dur' d'employeurs : Relations de travail et concurrence sur le marché du travail des comédiens. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2007, 49 (3), pp.297 - 315. ⟨hal-01176828v2⟩

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