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B. Williams, Truth and Truthfulness an Essay in Genealogy, 2002.

C. Kaufman, Failure of the Marketplace of Ideas the Selling of Iraq War Originally, in the liberal tradition set by John S. Mill, the term 'marketplace of ideas' was introduced to characterise the virtues of liberal public spaces where freedom was the necessary condition for the optimisation of knowledge and the production of truth, International Organization, vol.29, issue.1, pp.5-48, 2004.

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I. Janis, 91 Ibid., p. 197. 92 For an excellent account of the community of Middle East experts' shortcomings, see Gregory Gause, 'Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: the Myth of Authoritarian Stability, Foreign Affairs, vol.90, issue.4, pp.81-90

D. C. Heydemannwashington, Upgrading Authoritarianism in the Arab World The Saban Center for Middle East Policy, 2007.

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