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Adaptation et réflexivité. Sur les mobilisations juridiques des groupes d’intérêt publics transnationaux européens

Abstract : The paper aims to explain a highly differentiated use of the law by two transnational collective actors, the European Women’s Lobby (EWL) and the European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF), and this despite them belonging to the same domain of anti-discrimination policy at the EU level. It addresses the more general topic of the response of collective actors to policy change. Empirical data has been collected on the basis of a triangulation between secondary sources, documentary sources and semi-structured interviews and has been analysed in termsof process-tracing. In the first part we explore different strategies to promote human rights (the law as a reference and the law as a resource). Then we focus on the main factors behind the contrast studied : the role of groups’ organizational resources and of collective identity frames. In the final section we discuss the relevance of iterative effects associated with interactions between groups and their positioning within the European system of governance. The most important result of the comparison shows that to respond to changes in governance arrangements, collective actors have had to adapt reflexively. To do so, they not only assess the available margins of manœuvre and incentives, but look deeply at their own composition, seeking organizational and strategic formulae able to cope with internal conflicts and at their competitive environment.
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Sophie Jacquot, Tommaso Vitale. Adaptation et réflexivité. Sur les mobilisations juridiques des groupes d’intérêt publics transnationaux européens. Gouvernement & action publique, Presses de sciences po, 2014, 3 (4), pp.35 - 55. ⟨hal-01114055v2⟩

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