G. Akerlof and W. Dickens, The Economic Consequences of Cognitive Dissonance, American Economic Review, vol.72, pp.307-319, 1982.

A. Yann and P. Cahuc, Inherited Trust and Growth, American Economic Review, vol.100, pp.2060-2092, 2010.

A. Yann and P. Cahuc, The Roots of Low European Employment: Family Culture?, NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics, 2005.

A. Luca, D. Gerardi, and R. Laguno?, Social Memory, Evidence and Conflict, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol.3, pp.559-574, 2010.

B. Sandeep and T. Sjöström, The Strategy of Manipulating Conflict, " working paper, American Economic Review, vol.102, issue.6, pp.2897-2922, 2012.

R. H. Bates, When Things Fell Apart: State failure in Late-Century Africa, 2008.

M. Baye, K. Dan, and C. D. Vries, Rigging the lobbying process: An application of the all-pay auction, American Economic Review, vol.83, issue.1, pp.289-94, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-79247-5_18

R. Bénabou, Groupthink: Collective Delusions in Organizations and Markets, The Review of Economic Studies, vol.80, issue.2, pp.429-462, 2013.
DOI : 10.1093/restud/rds030

R. Bénabou, Ideology, Journal of the European Economic Association, vol.6, issue.2-3, pp.321-352, 2008.
DOI : 10.1162/JEEA.2008.6.2-3.321

B. Roland and J. Tirole, Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.121, issue.2, pp.699-746, 2006.

B. Roland and J. Tirole, Self-confidence and Personal Motivation, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.117, issue.3, pp.871-915, 2002.

T. J. Besley and T. Persson, The Incidence of Civil War: Theory and Evidence, London School of Economics, 2008.
DOI : 10.3386/w14585

T. J. Besley and T. Persson, Wars and State Capacity, Journal of the European Economic Association, vol.6, issue.2-3, pp.522-530, 2008.
DOI : 10.1162/JEEA.2008.6.2-3.522

M. Bazerman, N. , and M. Ann, Heuristics in negotiation: Limitations to dispute resolution e?ectiveness, Negotiations in organizations, pp.51-67, 1983.

A. Bisin and T. Verdier, The Economics of Cultural Transmission and Socialization, " forthcoming in Handbook of Social Economics, 2010.

A. Bisin and T. Verdier, "Beyond the Melting Pot": Cultural Transmission, Marriage, and the Evolution of Ethnic and Religious Traits*, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.115, issue.3, pp.955-88, 2000.
DOI : 10.1162/003355300554953

A. Bisin and T. Verdier, The Economics of Cultural Transmission and the Dynamics of Preferences, Journal of Economic Theory, vol.97, issue.2, pp.298-319, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/jeth.2000.2678

C. Blattman and E. Miguel, Civil War, Journal of Economic Literature, vol.48, issue.1, pp.3-57, 2010.
DOI : 10.1257/jel.48.1.3

H. Cai and J. Wang, Overcommunication in strategic information transmission games, Games and Economic Behavior, vol.56, issue.1, pp.7-36, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.geb.2005.04.001

D. M. Cain, G. Loewenstein, and D. A. Moore, The Dirt on Coming Clean: Perverse Effects of Disclosing Conflicts of Interest, The Journal of Legal Studies, vol.34, issue.1, pp.1-25, 2005.
DOI : 10.1086/426699

A. Caplin and J. Leahy, Psychological Expected Utility Theory and Anticipatory Feelings, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.116, issue.1, pp.55-79, 2001.
DOI : 10.1162/003355301556347

URL : http://cess.nyu.edu/caplin/PEUnew.pdf

C. Juan, D. , and T. Mariotti, Strategic Ignorance as a Self-Disciplining Device, Review of Economic Studies, vol.67, issue.3, pp.529-544, 2000.

F. Caselli, I. Coleman, and W. John, ON THE THEORY OF ETHNIC CONFLICT, Journal of the European Economic Association, vol.11, pp.161-192, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1542-4774.2012.01103.x

C. Gary, A. Rustichini, and J. Van-de-ven, Self-Confidence and Strategic Deterrence, 2011.

C. Yeon-koo and I. Gale, Caps on Political Lobbying, American Economic Review, vol.88, pp.643-651, 1998.

C. Paul, A. Hoe?er, and M. Söderbom, On the Duration of Civil War, Journal of Peace Research, vol.41, issue.3, pp.253-273, 2004.

S. Crawford, Strategic Information Transmission, Econometrica, vol.50, issue.6, pp.1431-1451, 1982.
DOI : 10.2307/1913390

D. Vigna, E. Stefano, and . Kaplan, The Fox News E?ect: Media Bias and Voting, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.122, issue.3, pp.1187-1234, 2007.

R. Dessi, Collective Memory, Cultural Transmission, and Investments, American Economic Review, vol.98, issue.1, pp.534-560, 2008.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.98.1.534

D. Matthias and F. Zilibotti, Occupational Choice and the Spirit of Capitalism, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.123, issue.2, pp.747-793, 2006.

T. Ellingsen, Strategic Buyers and the Social Cost of Monopoly, American Economic Review, vol.81, pp.648-657, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-79182-9_27

E. Joan and D. Ray, Polarization, Fractionalization and Conflict, Journal of Peace Research, pp.163-182, 2008.

J. Esteban and D. Ray, On the Salience of Ethnic Conflict, American Economic Review, vol.98, issue.5, pp.2185-2202, 2008.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.98.5.2185

J. Esteban and D. Ray, Linking Conflict to Inequality and Polarization, American Economic Review, vol.101, issue.4, pp.1345-74, 2011.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.101.4.1345

S. Ferenczi, Confusion of Tongues between Adults and the Child, Final Contributions to the Problems and Methods of Psychoanalysis, pp.156-67, 1932.
DOI : 10.1080/00107530.1988.10746234

R. Fernandez and A. Fogli, Culture: An Empirical Investigation of Beliefs, Work, and Fertility, American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, vol.1, issue.1, pp.146-77, 2009.
DOI : 10.1257/mac.1.1.146

M. R. Garfinkel and S. Skaperdas, Economics of Conflict: An Overview, Handbook of Defense Economics, pp.649-709, 2007.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.895307

G. Matthew, A. , and J. M. Shapiro, Media, Education and Anti-Americanism in the Muslim World, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.3, pp.117-133, 2004.

G. Herschel and I. , A General Equilibrium Model of Insurrections, American Economic Review, vol.81, issue.4, pp.912-921, 1991.

L. Guiso, P. Sapienza, and L. Zingales, Social Capital as Good Culture, Journal of the European Economic Association, vol.6, issue.2-3, pp.295-320, 2008.
DOI : 10.1162/JEEA.2008.6.2-3.295

A. L. Hillman and J. Riley, Politically Contestable Rents and Transfers, Economics and Politics Spring, issue.1, pp.17-39, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-79182-9_11

J. Matthew, O. , and M. Morelli, Political Bias and War, American Economic Review, vol.97, issue.4, pp.1353-1373, 2007.

J. Matthew, O. , and M. Morelli, The Reasons for Wars -an Updated Survey, the Handbook on the Political Economy of War, 2011.

J. Jost and E. Thompson, Group-Based Dominance and Opposition to Equality as Independent Predictors of Self-Esteem, Ethnocentrism, and Social Policy Attitudes among African Americans and European Americans, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, vol.36, issue.3, pp.209-232, 2000.
DOI : 10.1006/jesp.1999.1403

D. Kahneman and J. Renshon, Hawkish Biases In American Foreign Policy and the Politics of Fear: Threat Inflation Since 9, pp.79-96, 2009.

E. Kamenica and M. Gentzkow, Bayesian Persuasion, American Economic Review, vol.101, issue.6, pp.2590-2615, 2011.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.101.6.2590

K. Lewin, Resolving Social Conflicts, Marriage and Family Living, vol.12, issue.1, 1948.
DOI : 10.2307/348067

U. Malmendier and D. Shanthikumar, Are small investors naive about incentives?, Journal of Financial Economics, vol.85, issue.2, pp.457-89, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jfineco.2007.02.001

Z. Maoz and B. Russett, Normative and Structural Causes of Democratic Peace, 1946???1986., American Political Science Review, vol.1, issue.03, pp.624-638, 1946.
DOI : 10.2307/2938956

J. G. Montalvo, Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and Civil Wars, American Economic Review, vol.95, issue.3, pp.796-816, 2005.
DOI : 10.1257/0002828054201468

J. G. Montalvo, Ethnic polarization and the duration of civil wars, Economics of Governance, vol.84, issue.2, pp.123-143, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s10101-010-0077-8

P. Robin, T. L. Grith, and G. B. Northcraft, Fixed Pie a la Mode: Information Availability, Information Processing, and the Negotiation of Suboptimal Agreements Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol.62, issue.1, pp.101-112, 1995.

R. Siegel, Asymmetric all-pay auctions with interdependent valuations, Journal of Economic Theory, vol.153, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jet.2014.03.003

S. Stergios, Cooperation, Conflict, and Power in the Absence of Property Rights, American Economic Review, vol.82, issue.4, pp.720-739, 1992.

G. Tabellini, Institutions and Culture, Journal of the European Economic Association, vol.6, issue.2-3, pp.255-94, 2008.
DOI : 10.1162/JEEA.2008.6.2-3.255

T. Leigh and R. Hastie, Social Perception in Negotiation, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol.47, pp.98-123, 1990.

B. R. Weingast, The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of the Law, American Political Science Review, vol.5, issue.02, pp.245-63, 1997.
DOI : 10.1353/jod.1996.0047

Y. David, Propaganda and Conflict: Theory and Evidence from the Rwandan Genocide, 2012.