HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Preprints, Working Papers, ...

The Roots of Low European Employment : Family Culture?

Abstract : OECD countries faced largely divergent employment rates during the last decades. But the whole bulk of the cross-national and cross-temporal heterogeneity relies on specific demographic groups: prime-age women and younger and older individuals. This paper argues that family labour supply interactions and cross-country heterogeneity in family culture are key for explaining these stylized facts. First we provide a simple labour supply model in which heterogeneity in family preferences can account for cross-country variations in both the level and the dynamics of employment rates of demographic groups. Second, we provide evidence based on international individual surveys that family attitudes do differ across countries and are largely shaped by national features. We also document that cross-country differences in family culture cause cross-national differences in family attitudes. Studying the correlation between employment rates and family attitudes, we then show that the stronger preferences for family activities in European countries may explain both their lower female employment rate and the fall in the employment rates of young and older people.
Document type :
Preprints, Working Papers, ...
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [32 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01065604
Contributor : Spire Sciences Po Institutional Repository Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 18, 2014 - 12:11:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 21, 2022 - 2:50:42 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 19, 2014 - 1:01:49 PM

File

cepr-dp5169.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01065604, version 1
  • SCIENCESPO : 2441/8808

Collections

Citation

Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc. The Roots of Low European Employment : Family Culture?. 2005. ⟨hal-01065604⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

264

Files downloads

169