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The Housing Problem and Revealed Preference Theory: Duality and an application

Abstract : This paper exhibits a duality between the theory of revealed preference of Afriat and the housing allocation problem of Shapley and Scarf. In particular, it is shown that Afriat's theorem can be interpreted as a second welfare theorem in the housing problem. Using this duality, the revealed preference problem is connected to an optimal assignment problem, and a geometrical characterization of the rationalizability of experiment data is given. This allows in turn to give new indices of rationalizability of the data and to define weaker notions of rationalizability, in the spirit of Afriat's efficiency index.
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Ivar Ekeland, Alfred Galichon. The Housing Problem and Revealed Preference Theory: Duality and an application. Economic Theory, Springer Verlag, 2013, 54 (3), pp.425-441. ⟨10.1007/s00199-012-0719-x⟩. ⟨hal-01059558⟩

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