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Les usages pratiques du patriotisme en Russie

Abstract : Since the second half of the 1990s, the theme of national revival crystallized in Russia, notably in the form of a promotion of patriotism. The apparent convergence between an offer "from above" and a demand "from below" supports the idea that there exists a kind of patriotic consensus in Russia. This new tense and autarchic fusion between state and society summons old stereotypes about Russo- Soviet culture. This issue of Questions of Research seeks to go back over these stereotypes in order to show the diversity of "patriotic" practices in Russia today (which widely surpass the "militarist" variant generally evoked) and the connected social uses that are made of it. Following an overview of the existi ng literature on Russian nationalism and patriotism, as well as a presentation of the patriotic education curricula being implemented by the Russian state, our study on "patriotic" practices continues through several points of observation (patriotic summer clubs and camps for children and adolescents in Saint- Petersburg, Moscow and Omsk; ethno-cultural organizations; Orthodox religious organizations; and the discursive practices of economic actors). The examination of these different terrains reveals the diversity of everyday "patriotic" activities; and illustrates their utilizati on to multiple ends (pragmatic concern for one's professional career, search for a personal source of inspiration, opportunities for enrichment, pleasure of undertaking activities with one's friend and relations...). In the end, these fieldwork surveys reveal motivations and commitments in which official patriotic discourse and the image of state are often secondary, sometimes even denied.
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Françoise Daucé, Myriam Désert, Marlène Laruelle, Anne Le Huérou, Kathy Rousselet. Les usages pratiques du patriotisme en Russie. Questions de recherche/Research in question, 2010, 32, pp.1-31. ⟨hal-01052962⟩



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