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Robespierre chez Machiavel ? : Le culte de l’Être suprême et le « retour aux principes »

Abstract : Can we compare Robespierre’s and Machiavelli’s thinking? Robespierre himself spoke in various occasions of Machiavelli as a model for tyranny, despotism, evil in ethics and politics - just the contrary for the conduct he praised during the French Revolution. Nevertheless, some aspects of the Robespierrist discourse (especially during the spring of 1794) can evoke Machiavelli: the “return to basic principles” is a necessity for the collective salvation, the worship of “l’Etre Suprême” is essential in the life of a Republic (a”vertuous republic” according to Maximilien Robespierre). Concerning this point, civic religion, Robespierre knew very well the page by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and the quotation made by him of Machiavelli’s Discorsi. So, it can be fruitful to give an interpretation of the famous cult celebrating the Supreme Being and the immortality of the soul, in the French context as much as in the Machiavellian perspective.
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Lucien Jaume. Robespierre chez Machiavel ? : Le culte de l’Être suprême et le « retour aux principes ». Lo Sguardo | Rivista di Filosofia Online, Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura (2016) ; Gaffi Editore (2008), 2013, 3 (13), pp.219 - 230. ⟨hal-01025070⟩



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