A. Aassve, F. C. Billari, and R. Piccarreta, Strings of Adulthood: A Sequence Analysis of Young British Women???s Work-Family Trajectories, European Journal of Population / Revue europ??enne de D??mographie, vol.29, issue.1, pp.369-388, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s10680-007-9134-6

A. Abbott, Conceptions of Time and Events in Social Science Methods: Causal and Narrative Approaches, Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History, vol.17, issue.4, pp.140-150, 1990.
DOI : 10.1086/229327

A. Abbott, Reply to Levine and Wu, Sociological Methods & Research, vol.29, issue.1, pp.65-76, 2000.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124100029001004

A. Abbott and J. Forrest, Optimal Matching Methods for Historical Sequences, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol.16, issue.3, pp.471-494, 1986.
DOI : 10.2307/204500

A. Abbott and A. Tsay, Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Methods in Sociology, Sociological Methods & Research, vol.23, issue.1, pp.3-33, 2000.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124100029001001

S. Aisenbrey and A. E. Fasang, New Life for Old Ideas: The "Second Wave" of Sequence Analysis Bringing the "Course" Back Into the Life Course, Sociological Methods & Research, vol.29, issue.4, pp.420-462, 2010.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124109357532

N. Barban and F. C. Billari, What does explain the heterogeneity in early family trajectories? A non-parametric approach for sequence analysis, Population Association of America (PAA) 2010 annual meeting, pp.15-17, 2010.

K. H. Begall and M. Mills, L???impact sur les intentions de f??condit?? de la perception subjective de contr??le sur le travail, du stress li?? au travail et du conflit travail-famille: une comparaison europ??enne, European Journal of Population / Revue europ??enne de D??mographie, vol.45, issue.1, pp.433-456, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s10680-011-9244-z

E. M. Bernhardt, Is the second demographic transition a useful concept for demography? Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, pp.25-28, 2004.

F. C. Billari, The analysis of early life courses: Complex descriptions of the transition to adulthood, Journal of Population Research, vol.29, issue.4, pp.119-142, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/BF03031885

F. C. Billari, Choices, opportunities and constraints of partnership, childbearing and partnering: The patterns in the 1990s, United Nations, European Population Forum, 2004.

F. C. Billari and A. C. Liefbroer, Towards a new pattern of transition to adulthood? Advances in Life Course Research, pp.2-3, 2010.

F. C. Billari and R. Piccarreta, Analyzing Demographic Life Courses through Sequence Analysis, Mathematical Population Studies, vol.14, issue.2, pp.81-106, 2005.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124100029001003

F. C. Billari and C. Wilson, Convergence towards diversity? Cohort dynamics in the transition to adulthood in contemporary Western Europe, 2001.

A. Brown, The rise and fall of communism, 2009.

J. Brüderl, Family change and family patterns in Europe, 2003.

J. Chaloupková, De-standardization of early family trajectories in the Czech Republic: A crosscohort comparison. Sociologicky´c?asopisSociologicky´c?asopis, Czech Sociological Review, vol.46, issue.3, pp.427-452, 2010.

A. J. Cherlin, The deinstitutionalization of American marriage, Journal of Marriage and Family, vol.66, issue.4, pp.848-861, 2004.
DOI : 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00058.x

D. Coleman, Why we don't have to believe without doubting in the ???Second Demographic Transition??? - some agnostic comments., Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, vol.1, issue.2004, pp.11-24, 2004.
DOI : 10.1553/populationyearbook2004s11

M. Corijn and E. Klijzing, Transitions to adulthood in Europe, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-015-9717-3

R. Durbin, S. R. Eddy, A. Krogh, and G. Mitchison, Biological sequence analysis: Probabilistic models of proteins and nucleic acids, 1998.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511790492

K. Edin and M. Kefalas, Promises I can keep: Why poor women put motherhood before marriage, 2005.

G. Elzinga and A. Liefbroer, De-standardization of Family-Life Trajectories of Young Adults: A Cross-National Comparison Using Sequence Analysis, European Journal of Population / Revue europ??enne de D??mographie, vol.29, issue.1, pp.225-250, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s10680-007-9133-7

E. Fodor, C. Glass, J. Kawachi, and L. Popescu, Family policies and gender in Hungary, Poland, and Romania, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol.35, issue.4, pp.475-490, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0967-067X(02)00030-2

T. Frejka, Overview Chapter 5: Determinants of family formation and childbearing during the societal transition in Central and Eastern Europe, Demographic Research, vol.19, issue.7, pp.139-170, 2008.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.7

F. F. Furstenberg, S. Kennedy, V. Mcloyd, R. Rumbaut, and R. A. Settersten, growing up is harder to do, Contexts, vol.580, issue.3, pp.33-41, 2004.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.01009.x

A. Gabadinho, G. Ritschard, M. Studer, and N. S. Müller, Mining sequence data in R with the TraMineR package: A user's guide, 2008.

T. Gerber and D. Berman, Entry to Marriage and Cohabitation in Russia, 1985???2000: Trends, Correlates, and Implications for the Second Demographic Transition, European Journal of Population / Revue europ??enne de D??mographie, vol.19, issue.7, pp.3-31, 1985.
DOI : 10.1007/s10680-009-9196-8

B. Halpin and T. W. Chan, Class Careers as Sequences: An Optimal Matching Analysis of Work-Life Histories, European Sociological Review, vol.14, issue.2, pp.111-130, 1998.
DOI : 10.1093/oxfordjournals.esr.a018230

R. W. Hamming, Error Detecting and Error Correcting Codes, Bell System Technical Journal, vol.29, issue.2, pp.147-160, 1950.
DOI : 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1950.tb00463.x

URL : http://campus.unibo.it/10913/1/hamming1950.pdf

S. K. Henshaw, S. Singh, and T. Haas, Recent Trends in Abortion Rates Worldwide, International Family Planning Perspectives, vol.25, issue.1, pp.44-48, 1999.
DOI : 10.2307/2991902

P. Heuveline and J. M. Timberlake, The role of cohabitation in family formation: The United States in comparative perspective, Journal of Marriage and Family, vol.42, issue.5, pp.1214-1230, 2004.
DOI : 10.2307/353202

J. M. Hoem, D. Kostova, A. Jasilioniene, and C. Mures¸anmures¸an, Traces of the Second Demographic Transition in Four Selected Countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Union Formation as a Demographic Manifestation, European Journal of Population / Revue europ??enne de D??mographie, vol.17, issue.14, pp.239-255, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10680-009-9177-y

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00535471

K. Ivanova, M. Mills, and R. Veenstra, The Initiation of Dating in Adolescence: The Effect of Parental Divorce. The TRAILS Study, Journal of Research on Adolescence, vol.33, issue.4, pp.769-775, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00734.x

A. Jensen, Partnership and parenthood in contemporary Europe: A Review of recent findings, European Journal of Population, vol.14, issue.1, pp.89-99, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1005990530876

K. Kiernan, Cohabitation in Western Europe, Population Trends, vol.96, pp.25-32, 1999.

M. Kohli, The Institutionalization of the Life Course: Looking Back to Look Ahead, Research in Human Development, pp.4-7, 2007.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.667

M. Kreyenfeld, D. Konietzka, and A. Hornung, Family diversity in France, the Russian Federation, and East and West Germany: Overview on living arrangements and living conditions How generations and gender shape demographic change: Towards policies based on better knowledge, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), 2009.

A. Kuijsten, La transformation des structures familiales en Europe: Un cas de divergence?, European Journal of Population, vol.XXXIV, issue.2, pp.115-143, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01797080

L. Lesnard, Off???Scheduling within Dual???Earner Couples: An Unequal and Negative Externality for Family Time, American Journal of Sociology, vol.114, issue.2, pp.447-490, 2008.
DOI : 10.1086/590648

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00435472

L. Lesnard, Setting Cost in Optimal Matching to Uncover Contemporaneous Socio-Temporal Patterns, Sociological Methods & Research, vol.29, issue.3, pp.389-419, 2010.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124110362526

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00972729

L. Lesnard, A. Cousteaux, F. Chanvril, L. Hay, and V. , Do transitions to adulthood converge in Europe? An optimal matching analysis of work-family trajectories of young adults from 20 European countries, notes & documents, pp.2010-2014, 2010.

R. Lesthaeghe, A Century of Demographic and Cultural Change in Western Europe: An Exploration of Underlying Dimensions, Population and Development Review, vol.9, issue.3, pp.411-435, 1983.
DOI : 10.2307/1973316

R. Lesthaeghe and G. Moors, Recent trends in fertility and household formation in the industrialized world, Review of Population and Social Policy, vol.9, pp.121-170, 2000.

R. Lesthaeghe and K. Neels, From the first to the second demographic transition: An interpretation of the spatial continuity of demographic innovation in France, Belgium and Switzerland, European Journal of Population/ Revue europenne de Dmographie, vol.18, issue.4, pp.325-360, 2002.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1021125800070

R. Lesthaeghe and D. J. Van-de-kaa, Twee demografische transities? In, Bevolking: Groei en Krimp, pp.9-24, 1986.

R. Lesthaehge, The second demographic transition in Western countries: An interpretation, Gender and family change in industrialized countries, pp.17-62, 1995.

V. I. Levenshtein, Binary codes capable of correcting deletions, insertions, and reversals, Soviet Physics Doklady, vol.10, issue.8, pp.707-710, 1966.

J. H. Levine, But What Have You Done for Us Lately?, Sociological Methods & Research, vol.27, issue.1, pp.34-40, 2000.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124100029001002

M. Lokshin, B. M. Popkin, and K. M. Harris, Single mothers in Russia: Household strategies for coping with poverty. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2300, 2000.

S. Long and J. Freese, Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata, 2006.

P. Martin, I. Schoon, and A. Ross, Beyond Transitions: Applying Optimal Matching Analysis to Life Course Research, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, vol.170, issue.3, pp.179-199, 2008.
DOI : 10.1080/13645570701542025

K. U. Mayer, The paradox of global social change and national path dependencies: Life course patterns in advanced societies, Inclusions and exclusions in European societies, pp.89-110, 2001.

G. A. Micheli, Claiming for a demologic approach to demographic change, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, vol.1, issue.2004, pp.29-34, 2004.
DOI : 10.1553/populationyearbook2004s29

G. W. Milligan, An examination of the effect of six types of error perturbation on fifteen clustering algorithms, Psychometrika, vol.45, issue.3, pp.325-342, 1980.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02293907

G. W. Milligan, A Review Of Monte Carlo Tests Of Cluster Analysis, Multivariate Behavioral Research, vol.16, issue.3, pp.379-407, 1981.
DOI : 10.1207/s15327906mbr1603_7

M. Mills, Stability and Change: The Structuration of Partnership Histories in Canada, the Netherlands, and the Russian Federation, European Journal of Population/Revue europ??enne de D??mographie, vol.20, issue.2, pp.141-175, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:EUJP.0000033862.83081.ad

M. Mills, Introducing survival and event history analysis, 2011.
DOI : 10.4135/9781446268360

URL : http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/csp/article/download/22274/16554

M. Mills, H. Blossfeld, S. Buchholz, D. Hofäcker, F. Bernardi et al., Converging Divergences?, International Sociology, vol.37, issue.6, pp.561-595, 2008.
DOI : 10.1177/0268580908090728

M. Mills, H. Blossfeld, and E. Klijzing, Becoming an adult in uncertain times: A 14-country comparison of the losers of globalization, Globalization, uncertainty and youth in society, pp.393-411, 2005.

M. Mills, R. R. Rindfuss, P. Mcdonald, and E. Velde, Why do people postpone parenthood? Reasons and social policy incentives, Human Reproduction Update, vol.17, issue.6, pp.848-860, 2011.
DOI : 10.1093/humupd/dmr026

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3529638

A. Motiejunaite, Women's employment in Eastern Europe?towards more equality? Inblick O ¨ steuropa, 1, 2008.

T. Mouw, Sequences of early adult transitions On the frontier of adulthood: Theory, research, and public policy, 2005.

C. Mures¸anmures¸an, How advanced Romania is in the second demographic transition?, Romanian Journal of Population Studies, vol.12, pp.46-60, 2007.

C. Mures¸anmures¸an, P. T. Ha-?ra-?gus¸,-?gus¸, M. Ha-?ra-?gus¸,-?gus¸, and C. Schroder, Romania: Childbearing metamorphosis within a changing context Childbearing trends and policies in Europe Special Collection 7, Demographic Research, vol.19, pp.1-1178, 2008.

O. Oanes¸, C. Ha-?ra-?gus¸,-?gus¸, and M. , The Growth in non-marital fertility and other related behaviours in Romania after 1989, Romanian Journal of Population Studies, vol.1, pp.45-71, 2009.

G. Pascall and A. Kwak, Gender regimes in transition in Central and Eastern Europe, 2005.
DOI : 10.1332/policypress/9781847424204.001.0001

B. Perelli-harris and T. P. Gerber, Nonmarital Childbearing in Russia: Second Demographic Transition or Pattern of Disadvantage?, Demography, vol.13, issue.Suppl, pp.317-342, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s13524-010-0001-4

B. Perelli-harris, W. Sigle-rushton, M. Kreyenfeld, T. Lappegård, R. Keizer et al., The Educational Gradient of Childbearing within Cohabitation in Europe, Population and Development Review, vol.8, issue.3, pp.775-801, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00357.x

D. Philipov and A. Jasilioniene, Union formation and fertility in Bulgaria and Russia: A life table description of recent trends, Demographic Research, vol.19, issue.62, pp.2057-2114, 2008.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.62

D. Philipov and H. Kohler, Tempo effects in the fertility decline in Eastern Europe: Evidence from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Russia, European Journal of Population, vol.28, issue.1, pp.37-60, 2001.

R. Piccarreta and O. Lior, Exploring sequences: a graphical tool based on multi-dimensional scaling, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), vol.58, issue.1, pp.165-184, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2009.00606.x

D. S. Reher, Family Ties in Western Europe: Persistent Contrasts, Population and Development Review, vol.24, issue.2, pp.203-234, 1998.
DOI : 10.2307/2807972

R. Rindfuss, The Young Adult Years: Diversity, Structural Change, and Fertility, Demography, vol.28, issue.4, pp.493-512, 1991.
DOI : 10.2307/2061419

N. Robette, The diversity of pathways to adulthood in France: Evidence from a holistic approach, Advances in Life Course Research, vol.15, issue.2-3, pp.2-3, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.alcr.2010.04.002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01016115

I. Rydell, Demographic patterns from the 1960s in France, Italy, Spain and Portugal. Institute for Futures Studies, 2003.

S. Scherbov and H. Van-vianen, Marriage and Fertility in Russia of Women Born between 1900 and 1960: A cohort analysis, European Journal of Population/ Revue europenne de Dmographie, vol.17, issue.3, pp.281-294, 2001.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1011820132402

I. Schoon, A. Ross, and P. Martin, Sequences, Patterns, and Variations in the Assumption of Work and Family-Related Roles: Evidence from Two British Birth Cohorts, Transitions from school to work. Globalisation, individualisation and patterns of diversity, pp.219-242, 2009.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511605369.010

R. A. Settersten and K. U. Mayer, The Measurement of Age, Age Structuring, and the Life Course, Annual Review of Sociology, vol.23, issue.1, pp.233-261, 1997.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.soc.23.1.233

M. J. Shanahan, Pathways to Adulthood in Changing Societies: Variability and Mechanisms in Life Course Perspective, Annual Review of Sociology, vol.26, issue.1, pp.667-692, 2000.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.667

T. Sobotka, Is lowest-low fertility in Europe explained by the postponement of childbearing? Population & Development Review, pp.195-220, 2004.

T. Sobotka, T. Sobotka, A. Zeman, K. Hamplová, D. Kantorová et al., Overview Chapter 6: The diverse faces of the Second Demographic Transition in Europe, Demographic Research, vol.19, issue.194, pp.171-224, 2008.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.8

T. Sobotka and L. Toulemon, Overview Chapter 4: Changing family and partnership behaviour, Demographic Research, vol.19, issue.6, pp.85-138, 2008.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.6

T. Sobotka, K. Zeman, and V. Kantorova, Demographic shifts in the Czech Republic after 1989: A second demographic transition view, European Journal of Population/ Revue europenne de Dmographie, vol.19, issue.3, pp.249-277, 2003.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1024913321935

Z. Spéder, The rise of cohabitation as first union and some neglected factors of recent demographic developments in Hungary, Demogra´fia, vol.28, pp.77-103, 2005.

L. Toulemon, A. Pailhé, and C. Rossier, France: High and stable fertility, Demographic Research, vol.19, issue.16, pp.503-556, 2008.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.16

URL : http://doi.org/10.4054/demres.2008.19.16

J. Van-bavel, Choice of Study Discipline and the Postponement of Motherhood in Europe: The Impact of Expected Earnings, Gender Composition, and Family Attitudes, Demography, vol.47, issue.2, pp.439-458, 2010.
DOI : 10.1353/dem.0.0108

D. J. Van-de-kaa, Europe's second demographic transition, Population Bulletin, vol.42, issue.1, pp.1-57, 1987.

A. Vikat, Z. Spéder, G. Beets, F. C. Billari, C. Bühler et al., Generations and Gender Survey (GGS), Demographic Research, vol.17, issue.14, pp.389-440, 2007.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2007.17.14

URL : http://doi.org/10.4054/demres.2007.17.14

A. Volkov, Demographicheskie perspektivy Rossii [Demographic prospects of Russia]. Goskomstat od Russia, 1993.

A. E. Vos, Falling fertility rates: new challenges to the European welfare state, Socio-Economic Review, vol.7, issue.3, pp.485-503, 2009.
DOI : 10.1093/ser/mwp007

J. M. Winter, War, family and fertility in twentieth-century Europe The European experience of declining fertility, The quiet revolution, pp.1850-1970, 1992.

L. L. Wu, Some Comments on ???Sequence Analysis and Optimal Matching Methods in Sociology: Review and Prospect???, Sociological Methods & Research, vol.24, issue.1, pp.41-64, 2000.
DOI : 10.1177/0049124100029001003

S. V. Zakharov, Russian Federation: From the first to second demographic transition, Demographic Research, vol.19, pp.907-927, 2008.
DOI : 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.24

T. Zhurzhenko, Free Market Ideology and New Women's Identities in Post-socialist Ukraine, European Journal of Women's Studies, vol.8, issue.1, pp.29-49, 2001.
DOI : 10.1177/135050680100800103

T. Zhurzhenko, Recent demographic developments in Europe, 2004.