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Régulation et rôle de la connaissance dans le champ éducatif en France: Du monopole à l'externalisation de l'expertise ?

Abstract : This article examines the type of expertise used by the political and administrative authorities for education in France and how the overture to knowledge produced by researchers and auditors outside the education field interacts with the introduction of new regulation modes. Firstly it presents the main pillars of traditional regulation, as well as the factors explaining their loss of efficacy and the subsequent attempts to elaborate new management tools. In the second part the author will analyze the foundations of the internal monopoly of educational expertise and the echoes heard by the 'entrepreneurs of knowledge' in their efforts to enlarge the circle of knowledge producers and to diversify the types of knowledge. The article concludes on the need of the political and administrative bodies to format the modalities of overture to external expertise and sketches some paths for comparison with other national contexts.
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Agnès van Zanten. Régulation et rôle de la connaissance dans le champ éducatif en France: Du monopole à l'externalisation de l'expertise ?. Sociologie et Sociétés, Presses de L'Universite (University of Montreal), 2008, 39 (2), pp.69-92. ⟨hal-01021889⟩

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