C. Bretherton and J. Vogler, The European Union as Trade Actor and Environmental Activist: Contradictory Roles?, Journal of Economic Integration, vol.15, issue.2, pp.163-194, 2000.
DOI : 10.11130/jei.2000.15.2.163

M. Bruter, Diplomacy without a state: the external delegations of the European Commission, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.6, issue.2, pp.183-205, 1999.
DOI : 10.1080/135017699343676

F. Cameron, Speaking with one voice? The European Union on the international scene: The Federal Trust, European Governance, pp.163-178, 2002.

F. Cameron and D. Spence, The Commission-Council tandem in the foreign policy arena, The Changing European Commission, pp.121-137, 2004.

W. Carlnaes, Where Is the Analysis of European Foreign Policy Going?, European Union Politics, vol.7, issue.1, pp.495-508, 2004.
DOI : 10.1177/1465116504047314

M. Cini, The European Commission: Leadership, Organisation and Culture in the EU Administration, 1996.

C. Damro, Building an international identity: the EU and extraterritorial competition policy, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.8, issue.2, pp.208-226, 2001.
DOI : 10.1080/13501760110041550

D. Dimitrakopoulos, The Changing European Commission, 2004.

J. Goldstein and R. Keohane, Ideas and Foreign Policy: Beliefs, Institutions and Political Change, 1993.

P. Holmes and F. Mcgowan, The changing dynamic of EU-industry relations: lessons from the liberalization of European car and airline markets, Participation and Policy-Making in the European Union, pp.159-184, 1997.

L. House, Open Skies' or Open Markets? The Effect of the ECJ Judgements on Aviation Relations between the EU and the USA, Session 2002- 3: 17th Report, 2003.

H. Kassim, Air transport The European Union and National Industrial Policy, pp.106-131, 1996.

H. Kassim and A. Menon, The principal-agent approach and the study of the EU: promise unfulfilled?, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.10, issue.1, pp.121-139, 2003.

I. Macleod, I. D. Hendry, and S. Hyett, The External Relations of the European Communities: a Manual of Law and Practice, 1996.

J. Mawson, Air transport liberalization in the European Union: an assessment, Regional Studies, vol.31, issue.8, pp.807-822, 1997.

B. Moselle, The Economic Impact of an EU-US Open Aviation Area, 2002.

P. Muller, Un espace européen de politiques publiques, Politiques publiques en Europe, 1995.

N. Nugent, The European Commission, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-137-54333-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00282064

N. Nugent and S. Saurugger, Organizational structuring: the case of the European Commission and its external policy responsibilities, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.9, issue.3, pp.345-364, 2002.
DOI : 10.1080/13501760210138787

S. Nuttall, Where the Commission comes in, European Political Cooperation in the 1980s, pp.104-117, 1988.

S. Nuttall, The Commission: the struggle for legitimacy The Actors in Europe's Foreign Policy, pp.130-147, 1996.

O. Reilly, D. , S. Sweet, and A. , The liberalization and reregulation of air transport, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.5, issue.3, pp.441-466, 1998.
DOI : 10.1080/135017698343910

M. A. Pollack, Delegation, agency, and agenda setting in the European Community, International Organization, vol.51, issue.1, pp.99-134, 1997.
DOI : 10.1162/002081897550311

M. A. Pollack, The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/0199251177.001.0001

F. Schimmelfenig, The Community Trap: Liberal Norms, Rhetorical Action, and the Eastern Enlargement of the European Union, International Organization, vol.55, issue.1, pp.47-80, 2001.
DOI : 10.1162/002081801551414

S. K. Schmidt, Only an Agenda Setter?, European Union Politics, vol.1, issue.3, pp.37-61, 2000.
DOI : 10.1177/1465116500001001003

URL : http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-55A5-3

S. K. Schmidt, The European Commission's powers in shaping European policies, The Changing European Commission, pp.105-120, 2004.

U. Sedelmeier, EU enlargement, identity and the analysis of European foreign policy: identity formation through policy practice', EUI Working Papers, 2003.

U. Sedelmeier, Collective Identity, Contemporary European Foreign Policy, pp.123-163, 2004.
DOI : 10.4135/9781446215883.n7

J. N. Shane, US Official Comments on EU "Open Skies" Ruling', Speech delivered to the American Bar Association, 2002.

M. E. Smith, Rules, Transgovernmentalism, and the Expansion of European Political Cooperation, European 32, 1998.
DOI : 10.1093/0198294646.003.0011

M. E. Smith, Diplomacy by Decree: The Legalization of EU Foreign Policy, JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, vol.39, issue.1, pp.79-104, 2001.
DOI : 10.1111/1468-5965.00277

M. E. Smith, Toward a theory of EU foreign policy-making: multi-level governance, domestic politics, and national adaptation to Europe's common foreign and security policy, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.11, issue.4, pp.740-758, 2004.
DOI : 10.1080/1350176042000248124

M. Staniland, Government Birds: The State and Air Transport in Western Europe, 2003.

Y. Surel, The role of cognitive and normative frames in policy-making, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.7, issue.4, pp.495-512, 2000.
DOI : 10.1080/13501760050165334

S. E. Tarry, Globalisation and the Prospect of Policy Convergence in Air Transport, Global Society, vol.14, issue.2, pp.279-296, 2000.
DOI : 10.1080/13600820050008485

K. Van-miert, EU competition policy, the USA and the air transport sector', Speech delivered at the Sabre World Conference, 1995.

A. Wendt, Collective Identity Formation and the International State., American Political Science Review, vol.15, issue.02, pp.384-396, 1994.
DOI : 10.1017/S0020818300027843

B. White, The European Challenge to Foreign Policy Analysis, European Journal of International Relations, vol.5, issue.1, pp.37-66, 1999.
DOI : 10.1177/1354066199005001002

C. Woll, The politics of trade preferences: business lobbying on service trade in the United States and the European Union, Political Science, 2004.

D. Yergin, R. H. Vietor, and P. C. Evans, Fettered Flight: Globalization and the Airline Industry. Cambridge M.A.: Cambridge Energy Research Associates. <www.air-transport.org/econ/files/FetteredFlight, p.905, 2000.

. Dr, Cornelia Woll is a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne and teaches at Sciences Po, Paris. She holds a bi-national Ph.D. in Political Science from Sciences Po and the University of Cologne as well as a M