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Nationalisme et multiculturalisme

Abstract : [Nationalism and multiculturalism] In order to assess the different argumentative strategies designed to reconcile nationalism and multiculturalism, this article considers in turn the two following possibilities: to take as a starting-point the civic-vs.-ethnic-nationalism division and settle for the civic/political variety supposedly embodied by the U.S. and French models of citizenship and their - otherwise sharply distinct - ways of managing cultural heterogeneity; or to disaggregate the notion of 'multiculturalism' by demonstrating that in fact, the political claims generally advanced under this rubric either aim at promoting the integration of ethnocultural minorities into mainstream national institutions, or can best be understood as competing, nationalist demands. It ends up concluding that for as long as national identity alone may provide the sense of common membership on which the antidiscrimination project and, more generally, the promotion of social justice ultimately rest, defenders of 'multiculturalism' probably ought to refrain from denouncing the uniformity-enhancing, oppressive nature of nationalism - if only on strategic grounds.
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Daniel Sabbagh. Nationalisme et multiculturalisme. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2004, pp.113-124. ⟨hal-01020079⟩

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