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Le cheminement singulier de la violence islamiste en Algérie

Abstract : Islamist violence in Algeria has so far been unaffected by suicide attacks. Actually, aspirants to "martyrdom" are characterized by the conviction they are "pure" in a soiled world. But Islamist combatants in Algeria have always defined themselves as "the just," rather than the "pure," fighting for change here on earth. The state, likened to the Devil, must be conquered by a guerrilla that enjoys the "people's" support and be replaced by an Islamic regime. Since the "people" did not meet the guerrilla's expectations, some groups have reacted by slaughtering civilians, justifying this action by representing their country not as a land of Islam but as a land of Jihad peopled by renegades. This policy has been counterproductive: repression, arming of villagers, disavowal from other Islamist groups... Some Islamic combatants have decided to join international terrorist networks to regain prestige and find a way out of the hole they have dug for themselves.
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Luis Martinez. Le cheminement singulier de la violence islamiste en Algérie. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2003, pp.165-177. ⟨hal-01019404⟩

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