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Universités américaines : la fin des préférences raciales ?

Abstract : [The end of racial preference in American universities?] In the 1990s, affirmative action policies in hiring, university admissions and public works contracts were the targets of repeated attacks and were gradually dismantled, at least in part. Using meritocratic arguments and the principle of color-blindness, enemies of these policies turned to the courts or, in certain states, to referenda on popular initiative to do away with these measures. But although court decisions and referendum outcomes usually decided in favor of affirmative action opponents, the Supreme Court has so far carefully avoided having to take a definite stand. Moreover, the major universities have not necessarily discontinued the practice, albeit in concealed forms, of applying a certain degree of racial preference they still believe indispensable.
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Daniel Sabbagh. Universités américaines : la fin des préférences raciales ?. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2002, pp.159-171. ⟨hal-01017908⟩

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