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Quel islam en Bulgarie post-communiste ?

Abstract : Since the fall of communism in 1989, identity movements with a religious dimension have been at work in Bulgaria. However they are neither uniform nor systematically radical. To understand their origin, one must go back to the middle 1980s, when the regime of Todor Živkov launched a violent campaign of forced assimilation of the Bulgarian Turks. The new emphasis put on identity markers, and the rediscovery of specific cultural and religious roots then appeared as a survival strategy. The opening of the country to the influence of non Balkanic Muslim currents after 1989 has deepened the reflexion about faith. Although the restitution of their civil rights and liberties to minorities has made it possible to turn the page of the period of forced assimilation, there remains a sharp sensitivity to the specific identity of Muslims in an Orthodox country. While it is an answer to the challenge of transition, this new interest for the religious does not represent an anti-modernist calling into question of the achievements of the precedent period. Rather, it represents the search for a new synthesis aiming to incorporate a growing respect for religious identity in a context of consumerist modernity and mobility. Today, the Muslim community remains attached to a Balkanic Islam, perceived as European. Only a prolonged and generalized crisis in the Balkans could, in the long term, alter these collective choices.
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Nadège Ragaru. Quel islam en Bulgarie post-communiste ?. Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, Éditions de l’EHESS, 2001, pp.125-160. ⟨hal-01017065⟩



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