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Atomisation des fins et radicalisme des moyens : De quelques conflits africains

Abstract : [The atomization of ends and the radicalism of means. On certain African conflicts] The long war of liberation in Eritrea and today's war in Kivu provide two illustrations of a possible explanation for the extreme violence that occurs in numerous contemporary conflicts, most notably (but not only) in Africa. This involves, on the one hand, the disparity between local rationalities and the stated aims of "national" leaders and, on the other, a weak or destabilizing experience of the state among those involved in armed movements. Thus combatants often engage in war for perfectly "rational" reasons; however, as the conflict drags on, they find it difficult to construct clear political objectives. Societies or groups living in the midst of the most murderous conflicts rarely remain inert; they attempt, with varying and extremely fragile success rates, to reconstitute social bonds that war has destroyed.
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Roland Marchal. Atomisation des fins et radicalisme des moyens : De quelques conflits africains. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2000, pp.159-175. ⟨10.3406/criti.2000.1385⟩. ⟨hal-01011206⟩



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