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La classe ouvrière post-communiste. Des " héros au pouvoir " à l'exclusion des " petites gens "

Abstract : The Post-Communist Working Class. From "Heroes in Power" to the Exclusion of "Common People" - The transformations of the working class , in the post-Communist period raise the question of the differentiating processes : which have affected status, opportunities and representation. With the changes affecting property rights, several types of firms appeared, including manufacturing units taken over by foreign investors. There was a significant amount of job reduction in these units, affecting wages eaners in particular. The Soviet-style working class was thus the primary loser in the transformations begun in 1990. This article seeks first of all to underscore the : degree of autonomy the working class enjoyed under the former regime in order to understand more fully that, with the change of ownership, both representation and social status underwent profound revamping. The author has based his work on surveys conducted in Polish cement factories in 1997 and 1998.
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François Bafoil. La classe ouvrière post-communiste. Des " héros au pouvoir " à l'exclusion des " petites gens ". Genèses. Sciences sociales et histoire, Belin, 2000, pp.74-97. ⟨10.3406/genes.2000.1623⟩. ⟨hal-01011197⟩



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