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L'Afrique dans le monde : une histoire d'extraversion

Abstract : [Africa in the World: A Tale of Extraversion] - Sub-saharan Africa is stereotypically presented as being marginalized from the international system. However, the continent has been integrated into the latter for quite some time. African political actors have constructed strategies for extraversion that allow them to manage and even construct the dependent relations of their respective societies. Between Africa and Europe or the Americas, then, there is interaction and not simply domination and exploitation. The slave trade, colonization, access to independence, and the diplomatic positioning of the new states during the Cold War all correspond to this model. Today, the trompe-l'oeil processes of structural adjustment and democratic transition, as well as the extension of war reproduce these political and moral economies of extraversion. Doubtless, the latter suffers from a deficit in legitimacy, but this extends from the historicity of African societies and not from the non-correspondance between these societies and the state. Six modalities of action - coercion, ruse, flight, intermediation, appropriation, rejection - allow us to better understand how Africans are the subjects of their dependent situations.
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Jean-François Leguil-Bayart. L'Afrique dans le monde : une histoire d'extraversion. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 1999, pp.97-120. ⟨10.3406/criti.1999.1505⟩. ⟨hal-01011158⟩

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