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Guerre civile et oeuvres pies en Algérie

Abstract : [Civil war and charity works in Algeria] After many years of clientelist practice amongst the FLN elite, the charisma of those who fought for independence has expired. A new force - the FIS - has taken over : through a strategy of charity works conducted in the name of Islam, those who were elected to municipal power in 1990 aroused the enthusiasm which led to the Islamist victory in the 1991 legislative elections. The interruption of the electoral process and the civil war gave rise to other figures of the "benefactor": the emir of the guerilla, and new elites such as the militiaman or the RND elected official. The war, racketeering, the liberalisation of the economy, and international aid lavished on the regime have established opportunities for enrichment, which expanded the possibilities for "charity". However, this has not led to the exceptional combination of charity works and a politico-moral ideal, which was central to the success of the FIS.
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Luis Martinez. Guerre civile et oeuvres pies en Algérie. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 1999, 4 (4), pp.127-137. ⟨hal-01010826⟩



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