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Un bilan du divorce tchéco-slovaque : Transition démocratique et construction d'États-nations

Abstract : [An assessment of the Czechoslovakian divorce. Transitions to democracy and nation-state building] The partition of Czechoslovakia can be explained from four points of view. First, Czechs and Slovaks did not share a common historical memory. Second, they had a different relationship to modernisation. Third, the state remained highly centralised because of the Czechs' Jacobin inclination. Four, politicians instrumentalised ethno-nationalist issues in the framework of the post-communist electoral competition. While the choice of the Czechs seemed to be justified by their successful transition to a market economy and their gradual integration into the European Union, the 1998 elections showed that the régime had not been that successful, either economically or politically. In Slovakia, which had previously suffered from a democratic deficit and an obsessive nationalism, the electoral defeat of Meciar points to a more progressive political path, and one more acceptable to the EU.
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Jacques Rupnik. Un bilan du divorce tchéco-slovaque : Transition démocratique et construction d'États-nations. Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 1999, pp.91-115. ⟨10.3406/criti.1999.1545⟩. ⟨hal-01010787⟩



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