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Les pièges de l'instrumentalisme... et de la répression : note sur une crise indienne : l'affaire d'Ayodhya (décembre 1992 - janvier 1993)

Abstract : Since the late 1980s, India's public life is dominated by a Hindu-Muslim dispute concerning the site of Ayodhya, sacred to Hindus, who wish to build a temple in place of the existing mosque. This conflict is far from being an exclusively religious or cultural one. Nonetheless, the electoral success of Hindu nationalist movements in 1990 and 1991, particularly of the BJP (Indian People's Party), can be partly explained by their " instrumentalist " use of Ayodhya. This strategy implied that the BJP should continue mobilising the masses, although this was inconsistent with its desire to play a governmental role. The December 1992 crisis, at the time when the mosque was destroyed, revealed the weakness of this strategy, even though the repression set in motion by New Delhi turned the attackers into victims.
Keywords : émeutes répression
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Christophe Jaffrelot. Les pièges de l'instrumentalisme... et de la répression : note sur une crise indienne : l'affaire d'Ayodhya (décembre 1992 - janvier 1993). Cultures & conflits, L'Harmattan, 1993, pp.91-115. ⟨10.4000/conflits.519⟩. ⟨hal-01009738⟩

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