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Voter en Inde : symboles électoraux, système de partis et vote non individuel

Abstract : Voting in India : electoral symbols, party system and non-individual voting - The high rate of illiteracy in India has led that democracy (which has had ten legislative elections since independence) to work out an électoral procedure based on the use of symbols : the voting act consists in checking on the ballot the symbol corresponding to the candidate and the political group of one's choice in the voting booth. This System has had many secondary effects, since the definitive attribution of symbols to parties obtaining a certain number of votes on the national or regional level has contributed to the institutionalization of the party system. Beyond the use of symbols, the Election Commission has endeavored to surround the voting act with the maximum of possible guarantees in order to ensure secrecy and to preserve it from outside influences so as to fulfil the conditions for rational and individual voting. The sophistication of the measures taken seems however, on one hand, to lag behind the concrete forms of exercising the suffrage, as the voters tend to select their candidates collectively (at the religions community or the subcaste level) ; on the other hand, it lags behind the real challenge, that of the rise of violence around voting places.
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Christophe Jaffrelot. Voter en Inde : symboles électoraux, système de partis et vote non individuel. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1993, 43 (2), pp.301 - 316. ⟨hal-01009734v2⟩

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