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Les émeutes entre hindous et musulmans (partie 2)

Abstract : Riots between Hindus and Muslims, due to their ancient origin, have long been explained on religious grounds. Later, economic and micro-sociological explanations were adopted, stressing local socio-economic conflicts. While these interpretations may have remained valid during the sixties and seventies, they failed in the last decade during which riots appear to be based more on political reasons. There exists a " majority inferiority complex " of the Hindu population which perceives the Muslim population as benefiting from international Islamic back-up and governmental preference ; this feeling is exploited by Hinduist groups, particularly for electoral purposes. For instance, the traditional role of the Hindu procession has been perverted into a demonstration of force, often at the origin of riots. Moreover, local and regional authorities - especially there where the rule of Law is on the decline - have exploited such tensions for their own benefit. Violence in recent years thus suggests an ideological model at the crossroads of international factors (the " Pan Islamic " impact), national factors (Hindu nationalist propaganda) and local factors (criminalisation of political life).
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Christophe Jaffrelot. Les émeutes entre hindous et musulmans (partie 2). Cultures & conflits, L'Harmattan, 1992, pp.44-55. ⟨hal-01009709⟩

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