J. Andres, R. Domenech, and A. Fatas, The stabilizing role of government size, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, vol.32, issue.2, pp.571-593, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jedc.2007.02.006

P. Arestis and M. Sawyer, Reinventing fiscal policy, Journal of Post-Keynesian Economics, vol.26, issue.1, pp.3-25, 2003.

P. Arestis, K. Mccauley, and M. Sawyer, An Alternative Stability Pact for the European Union, SSRN Electronic Journal, vol.25, issue.1, pp.113-130, 2001.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.219170

R. Barrell and A. M. Pina, How important are automatic stabilisers in Europe? A stochastic simulation assessment, Economic Modelling, vol.21, issue.1, pp.1-35, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0264-9993(02)00082-2

R. J. Barro, Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?, Journal of Political Economy, vol.82, issue.6, pp.1095-117, 1974.
DOI : 10.1086/260266

URL : http://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/3451399/Barro_AreGovernment.pdf

O. Biau and E. Girard, Politique budg??taire et dynamique ??conomique en France, Revue ??conomique, vol.56, issue.3, pp.755-64, 2005.
DOI : 10.3917/reco.563.0755

O. Blanchard and R. Perotti, An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.117, issue.4, pp.1329-68, 2002.
DOI : 10.1162/003355302320935043

A. S. Blinder, The Case against the Case against Discretionary Fiscal Policy, 2006.

R. W. Kopcke, G. M. Tootell, and R. K. , The Macroeconomics of Fiscal Policy, pp.25-61

R. L. Brown, J. Durbin, and J. M. Evans, Techniques for testing the Constancy of Regression Relationships Over Time, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B, vol.37, pp.149-92, 1975.

A. Brunila, M. Buti, J. In, and . Veld, Fiscal Policy in Europe: How Effective Are automatic Stabilisers, European Economy, Economic Papers, pp.1-77, 2002.

M. Buti, S. C. Eijffinger, and D. Franco, Revisiting the SGP: Grand Design or Internal Adjustment?, 2003.

J. Y. Campbell and N. G. Mankiw, Permanent Income, Current Income, and Consumption, Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, vol.8, issue.3, pp.265-79, 1990.

J. Creel, B. Ducoudré, C. Mathieu, F. Saraceno, and H. Sterdyniak, Should we forget fiscal stabilisation policies? A critical survey of the new anti-Keynesian view of public finances, paper presented at the 1 st Euroframe Conference, 2004.

J. Creel, T. Latreille, and J. L. Cacheux, Le Pacte de stabilit?? et les politiques budg??taires dans l'Union europ??enne, Revue de l'OFCE, vol.83, issue.5, pp.245-97, 2002.
DOI : 10.3917/reof.074.0245

J. Creel, P. Monperrus-veroni, and F. Saraceno, Politique budg??taire discr??tionnaire en France, Revue ??conomique, vol.58, issue.5, pp.1035-53, 2007.
DOI : 10.3917/reco.585.1035

J. Creel, P. Monperrus-veroni, and F. Saraceno, Has the Golden Rule of public finance made a difference in the United Kingdom?, 2007.

P. De-grauwe, The Stability and Growth Pact in Need of Reform, 2003.

B. Ducoudré, Fiscal Policy and Interest Rates, SSRN Electronic Journal, pp.2005-2013, 2005.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.799709

F. Farina and R. Ricciuti, L'??valuation des politiques budg??taires en Europe, Revue de l'OFCE, vol.99, issue.4, pp.275-301, 2006.
DOI : 10.3917/reof.099.0273

E. Farvaque, F. Huart, and C. Vaneecloo, Taylor's Fiscal Rule: An Exit to the Stability and Growth Pact Dead-end?, Acta Oeconomica, vol.56, issue.3, pp.323-363, 2006.
DOI : 10.1556/AOecon.56.2006.3.4

A. Fatas and I. Mihov, Government size and automatic stabilisers: international and intranational evidence, Journal of International Economics, vol.56, issue.1, pp.3-28, 2001.

S. M. Fazzari, Why Doubt the Effectiveness of Keynesian Fiscal Policy?, Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, vol.65, issue.2, pp.231-279, 1994.
DOI : 10.1257/jep.7.1.45

J. Gali and R. Perotti, Fiscal Policy and Monetary Integration in Europe, Economic Policy, vol.0, issue.37, pp.533-64, 2003.
DOI : 10.3386/w9773

R. Giordano, S. Momigliano, S. Neri, and R. Perotti, The effects on the economy of shocks to different government expenditures items: estimates with a SVAR model, Proceedings of the Workshop on Public Expenditure 2005, Banca d'Italia, 2006.

N. Girouard and C. André, Measuring cyclically-adjusted budget balances for OECD countries, 2005.
DOI : 10.1787/787626008442

F. Hayashi, The Permanent Income Hypothesis: Estimation and Testing by Instrumental Variables, Journal of Political Economy, vol.90, issue.5, pp.895-916, 1982.
DOI : 10.1086/261100

R. Hemming, M. Kell, and S. Mahfouz, The effectiveness of fiscal policy in stimulating economic activity ? a review of the literature, IMF Working Paper, 2002.

R. L. Heilbroner and P. L. Bernstein, The Debt and the Deficit: False Alarms/Real Possibilities, 1989.

A. Iacobucci and A. Noullez, A Frequency Selective Filter for Short-Length Time Series, Computational Economics, vol.101, issue.6, pp.75-102, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s10614-005-6276-7

M. A. Leon-ledesma and A. P. , The endogeneity of the natural rate of growth, Cambridge Journal of Economics, vol.26, issue.4, pp.441-59, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/cje/26.4.441

R. E. Lucas and . Jr, Econometric Policy Evaluation : a Critique The Phillips Curve and Labor Markets, Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, issue.1, pp.19-46, 1976.

C. Mathieu and H. Sterdyniak, R??former le pacte de stabilit????: l'??tat du d??bat, Revue de l'OFCE, vol.84, issue.1, pp.145-79, 2003.
DOI : 10.3917/reof.084.0145

M. M. Mcconnell and G. Perez-quiros, Output Fluctuations in the United States: What Has Changed Since the Early 1980's?, American Economic Review, vol.90, issue.5, pp.1464-76, 2000.
DOI : 10.1257/aer.90.5.1464

P. Monperrus-veroni and F. Saraceno, Reform of the Stability and Growth Pact: Reducing or Increasing the Nuisance?, OFCE Working Paper, pp.2005-2006, 2005.

R. Perotti, Fiscal Policy in Good Times and Bad, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.114, issue.4, pp.1399-436, 1999.
DOI : 10.1162/003355399556304

R. Perotti, Estimating the Effects of Fiscal Policy in OECD Countries, SSRN Electronic Journal, p.276, 2004.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.637189

W. Ploberger and W. Krämer, The Cusum Test with Ols Residuals, Econometrica, vol.60, issue.2, pp.271-85, 1992.
DOI : 10.2307/2951597

R. Ricciuti, Assessing Ricardian Equivalence, Journal of Economic Surveys, vol.17, issue.1, pp.55-78, 2003.
DOI : 10.1111/1467-6419.00188

C. Saint-etienne and J. L. Cacheux, Croissance équitable et concurrence fiscale, 2005.

. Wallace, An Agenda for a Growing Europe, 2004.

M. Scharnagl and K. Tödter, How effective are automatic stabilisers? Theory and empirical results for Germany and other OECD countries, Deutsche Bundesbank Discussion Paper, 2004.

R. M. Solow, Is Fiscal Policy Possible? Is It Desirable? " in Structural Reform and Economic Policy, International Economic Association Conference Volume, Houndmills, U.K., issue.139, pp.23-39, 2004.

H. Sterdyniak, Taxation in Europe: Towards more competition or more coordination, OFCE Working Paper, pp.19-2005, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00972873

J. B. Taylor, Reassessing Discretionary Fiscal Policy, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.14, issue.3, pp.21-36, 2000.
DOI : 10.1257/jep.14.3.21

P. Van-den-noord, The size and role of automatic stabilisers in the 1990s and beyond, OECD Economics Dpt. Working Paper, p.230, 2000.