B. Anand and T. Khanna, The Structure of Licensing Contracts, The Journal of Industrial Economics, vol.48, issue.1, pp.103-135, 2000.
DOI : 10.1111/1467-6451.00114

J. J. Anton and D. A. Yao, Expropriation and Inventions: Appropriable Rents in the Absence of Property Rights, The American Economic Review, vol.84, issue.1, pp.190-209, 1994.

J. J. Anton and D. A. Yao, The Sale of Ideas: Strategic Disclosure, Property Rights, and Contracting, Review of Economic Studies, vol.69, issue.3, pp.513-531, 2002.
DOI : 10.1111/1467-937X.t01-1-00020

A. Arora, A. Fosfuri, and A. Gambardella, Markets for Technology: the Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy, 2002.

A. Arora and A. Fosfuri, Licensing the market for technology, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol.52, issue.2, pp.277-295, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-2681(03)00002-7

J. Benoit, Innovation and Imitation in a Duopoly, The Review of Economic Studies, vol.52, issue.1, pp.99-106, 1985.
DOI : 10.2307/2297472

D. Bernheim, Strategic Deterrence of Sequential Entry into an Industry, The RAND Journal of Economics, vol.15, issue.1, pp.1-11, 1984.
DOI : 10.2307/3003665

J. Bessen, Patents and the diffusion of technical information, Economics Letters, vol.86, issue.1, pp.121-128, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.econlet.2004.07.005

M. Boldrin and D. Levine, The Case Against Intellectual Property, American Economic Review, vol.92, issue.2, pp.209-212, 2002.
DOI : 10.1257/000282802320189267

M. Boldrin and D. Levine, Intellectual Property and the Efficient Allocation of Surplus from Creation, Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, vol.2, issue.1, pp.45-67, 2005.

M. Boldrin and D. Levine, Perfectly competitive innovation, Journal of Monetary Economics, vol.55, issue.3, pp.435-453, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.01.008

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

M. Boldrin and D. Levine, Appropriation and Intellectual Property, 2010.

P. Bolton and J. Farrell, Decentralization, Duplication, and Delay, Journal of Political Economy, vol.98, issue.4, pp.803-826, 1990.
DOI : 10.1086/261707

J. Choi and . Pil, Patent Litigation as an Information-Transmission Mechanism, The American Economic Review, vol.88, issue.5, pp.1249-1263, 1998.

W. Cohen, R. Nelson, and J. Walsh, Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why US Manufacturing Firms Patent (or not), Licensing in International Strategy, 1985.
DOI : 10.3386/w7552

C. Davidson and P. Segertrom, R&D Subsidies and Economic Growth, The RAND Journal of Economics, vol.29, issue.3, 1998.
DOI : 10.2307/2556104

D. Fudenberg and J. Tirole, Game Theory, 1991.

N. T. Gallini, Deterrence by Market Sharing: A Strategic Incentive for Licensing, The American Economic Review, vol.74, issue.5, pp.931-941, 1984.

N. T. Gallini, The Economics of Patents: Lessons from Recent U.S. Patent Reform, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.16, issue.2, pp.131-154, 2002.
DOI : 10.1257/0895330027292

N. T. Gallini and S. Scotchmer, Intellectual Property: When Is It the Best Incentive System, Innovation Policy and the Economy, vol.2, 2001.

G. Grossman and E. Helpman, Quality Ladders and Product Cycles, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.106, issue.2, pp.557-586, 1991.
DOI : 10.2307/2937947

URL : http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/106/2/557

B. Harris, Technology Licensing in the European Union, The Journal of Law and Technology, vol.38, pp.139-154, 1997.

K. Hendricks, A. Weiss, and C. Wilson, The War of Attrition in Continuous Time with Complete Information, International Economic Review, vol.29, issue.4, pp.663-680, 1988.
DOI : 10.2307/2526827

J. Lanjow, The Introduction of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in India: Heartless Exploitation of the Poor and Suffering An Information Good Market with Symmetric Externalities, Econometrica, vol.54, issue.2, pp.295-312, 1986.

K. Rockett, Choosing the Competition and Patent Licensing, The RAND Journal of Economics, vol.21, issue.1, pp.161-171, 1990.
DOI : 10.2307/2555501

M. D. Rostoker, PTC Research Report: A Survey of Corporate Licensing, Idea-The Journal of Law and Technology, vol.24, pp.59-91, 1983.

F. Scherer and D. Ross, Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance, 1980.

P. Segerstrom, Innovation, Imitation, and Economic Growth, Journal of Political Economy, vol.99, issue.4, pp.807-827, 1991.
DOI : 10.1086/261779

URL : http://bear.warrington.ufl.edu/dinopoulos/PDF/NorthSouthTrade.pdf

M. Smith, The theory of games and the evolution of animal conflicts, Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol.47, issue.1, pp.209-221, 1974.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-5193(74)90110-6