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L'institutionnalisation d'une égalité dans la différence : parité, diversité, intersectionnalité

Abstract : An Institutionalization of a "Conditional Equality" based on how differences "perform": Parity, diversity, intersectionality The French contemporary invention of parité and diversité questions the compatibility of the notion of republican equality in a universalist tradition renowned in crisis, the notion of identity in a multicultural context and the notion of utility in the name of virtuous liberalism. In echo of the researches denouncing the French institutionalization of the promotion of parité and diversité as a depoliticization led to an avoidance of the conflicting legal repertoire of anti-discrimination and to an obscuring of the relationships of power, in particular their sexualism and "racialisation", the purpose is to explore whether this depoliticizing is itself political. We analyze the link between the grammar of injustice and theories of justice in the international debate on intersectionality. How can equality, thought of as a value, an objective and a right, resist being swallowed by the "referential" (normative frame) of social investment? Our researches on the promotion of parité and diversité analyzes the shift from a politics of equality towards a politics of identity basing the republican model on a quest for unity where difference is valued. The politics of equality are so linked to how difference performs. Performance can be understood in two different ways here: firstly, as a mise en scene (standing for/acting for) of specific identities and interests; secondly, from a neo-liberal perspective, as capital gain (increase in value).
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Réjane Sénac. L'institutionnalisation d'une égalité dans la différence : parité, diversité, intersectionnalité. 12e congrès, Association française de science politique (AFSP), section thématique 65 : " Des " politiques " de l'intersectionnalité : un regard comparatif sur l'institutionnalisation du traitement des discriminations multiples en Europe ", Jul 2013, Sciences Po, Paris, 27 rue Saint-Guillaume, France. ⟨hal-00972735⟩

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