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A Surface-Syntactic UD Treebank for Naija

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Abstract

This paper presents a syntactic treebank for spoken Naija, an English pidgincreole, which is rapidly spreading across Nigeria. The syntactic annotation is developed in the Surface-Syntactic Universal Dependency annotation scheme (SUD) (Gerdes et al., 2018) and automatically converted into UD. We present the workflow of the treebank development for this under-resourced language. A crucial step in the syntactic analysis of a spoken language consists in manually adding a markup onto the transcription, indicating the segmentation into major syntactic units and their internal structure. We show that this so-called "macrosyntactic" markup improves parsing results. We also study some iconic syntactic phenomena that clearly distinguish Naija from English.
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Dates and versions

hal-02270530 , version 1 (25-08-2019)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02270530 , version 1

Cite

Bernard Caron, Marine Courtin, Kim Gerdes, Sylvain Kahane. A Surface-Syntactic UD Treebank for Naija. TLT 2019, Treebanks and Linguistic Theories, Syntaxfest, Aug 2019, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02270530⟩
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