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Les politiques du cannabis en Amérique latine : légalisations divergentes en Colombie, au Mexique et en Uruguay (2010-2021)

Abstract : This thesis studies the emergence of different models of cannabis regulation in Latin America during the 2010 decade. Specifically, it analyzes the processes of creating a legal market for recreational cannabis in Uruguay, the development of a medicinal cannabis production industry in Colombia, and the authorization of medicinal and recreational uses of cannabis in Mexico. Through field research with stakeholders and a process-tracing approach, the thesis explains why these policies deviate significantly even though they are designed simultaneously by similar actors. The results of the analysis show that differences in cannabis policies are determined by the ability of countries to move away from international norms and the reform ambitions of presidents and administrations. The completion of a detailed timeline and our ability to track actors over a long period of time (2014-2021) allowed us to understand that international pressures are instrumental in legitimizing the content of reforms, particularly with respect to the difference between recreational and medicinal cannabis. Semi-structured interviews with a large number of stakeholders (political figures, administrative staff, interest groups, expert, and academic actors, mobilized citizens), showed us that the extent of the reforms is determined by the political will of presidents and the administration. In short, the more a president encourages a reform, the more the administration imagines innovative models and the more political support it receives.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 4:52:24 PM
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Luis Rivera Velez. Les politiques du cannabis en Amérique latine : légalisations divergentes en Colombie, au Mexique et en Uruguay (2010-2021). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0038⟩. ⟨tel-03626686⟩



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