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Payer les « terroristes » ? : le dilemme des otages

Abstract : This thesis focuses on abductions carried out by terrorist organizations in order to examine the ethical and political issues of the “hostage dilemma” — to pay or not to pay?Building on a “pragmatic” political theory and interviews conducted in seven countries (Colombia, Ecuador, France, Israel, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States), it studies the response of governments and focuses on the difficult choice to be made between granting ransoms and remaining firm in the face of blackmail. Through a dialectical perspective, it tackles three models (“solidaristic”, “sacrificial”, “responsabilizing”) of conceiving the relationship between the rights of individuals and the states’ interests, but also of considering the exercise of sovereignty. This research helps reconsider what the responsibilities of a modern state toward its own citizens retained abroad should be. It provides grounds for a critique of current practices and explores the most promising avenues for challenging this phenomenon.
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 26, 2022 - 3:26:36 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 27, 2022 - 3:56:43 AM

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Etienne Dignat. Payer les « terroristes » ? : le dilemme des otages. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0037⟩. ⟨tel-03620664⟩



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